The seven ways

In the book Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist, along with the core idea of the Doughnut, Kate Raworth offers these Seven Ways to transform our thinking and imagination, from the old economic thinking of the 20th century to the thinking we will need to guide us towards a new goal for humanity, that of the Doughnut, and of meeting the needs of all people within the means of the planet.

  • 1. Change the goal

    The 21st century calls for a far more ambitious and global economic goal: meeting the needs of all within the means of the living planet.

  • 2. See the big picture

    It’s time to write a new economic story fit for this century – one that sees the economy’s dependence upon society and the living world.

  • 3. Nurture human nature

    It’s time to put this new portrait of humanity at the heart of economic theory so that economics can start to nurture the best of human nature.

  • 4. Get savvy with systems

    It’s time to stop searching for the economy’s elusive control levers (they don’t exist), and instead start stewarding the economy as an ever-evolving system.

  • 5. Design to distribute

    Twenty-first century economists recognize that there are many ways to design economies to be far more distributive of value among those who help to generate it.

  • 6. Create to regenerate

    This century calls for economic thinking that unleashes the potential of regenerative design in order to create a circular, not linear, economy.

  • 7. Be Agnostic about Growth

    What we need are economies that make us thrive, whether or not they grow. That radical flip in perspective invites us to become agnostic about growth and to explore how our economies.